Configuring website security with Security Headers - .htaccess

· 3 min read
Configuring website security with Security Headers - .htaccess

What is Security Headers?

Security Headers are HTTP response headers that provide an additional layer of security for web applications. Common security headers include Content-Security-Policy (CSP), X-XSS-Protection, and X-Frame-Options, each serving a specific role in protecting a website. Enabling CSP allows you to control which sources the browser can load content from, while X-XSS-Protection and X-Frame-Options are powerful tools to effectively prevent XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) and Clickjacking attacks, respectively.

Benefits of using Security Headers

  • Enhanced security: By utilizing Security Headers, your website will be better protected against common internet attacks.
  • Improved user trust: User trust will increase when they know that your website is well-protected.
  • Increased opportunity for search engine ranking: Some Security Headers may have a positive impact on improving the SEO ranking of your website on search engines, enhancing the visibility and accessibility of the website to users.

How to use Security Headers

  1. Configure on the web server: Most web servers allow you to configure Security Headers through configuration files.
  2. Use .htaccess: You can utilize the .htaccess file to configure Security Headers for specific directories on your website.

Note:

  • Be careful when configuring Security Headers as mistakes can break your website.
  • Always check your website after changing Security Headers to ensure that it's functioning properly.

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Enhancing security through Security Headers using htaccess

1. Strict-Transport-Security (HSTS)

  • HSTS helps protect your website from "man-in-the-middle" (MITM) attacks by instructing web browsers to only connect to your website via HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure).
Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains"

2. Content-Security-Policy (CSP)

  • Helps protect the website from XSS and CSRF attacks.
  • Limits content sources (scripts, images, iframes, etc.).
Header always set Content-Security-Policy "upgrade-insecure-requests; block-all-mixed-content"

3. X-Frame-Options

  • Prevents clickjacking attacks: X-Frame-Options plays a crucial role in protecting the website from clickjacking techniques, preventing attackers from embedding your website into an iframe on another site without the user's knowledge.
  • Allows you to specify whether the website can be embedded in an iframe or not.
Header always set X-Frame-Options "ALLOW-FROM https://technt.net/"

4. X-Content-Type-Options

  • Helps protect the website from MIME-sniffing attacks.
  • Prevents browsers from loading and executing malicious code.
Header always set X-Content-Type-Options "nosniff"

5. Referrer-Policy

  • The Referrer-Policy plays a crucial role in protecting users' personal information by controlling the referrer information sent when they navigate from your website to another.
  • Controls the referrer information sent when users navigate from your website to another.
Header always set Referrer-Policy "same-origin"

6. Permissions-Policy

  • The Permissions-Policy plays a crucial role in protecting users from malicious websites by controlling the permissions that your website can request from the browser.
  • Controls the permissions that your website can request from the browser.
Header set Permissions-Policy "camera=self; microphone=self"

Conclusion

Security Headers are a crucial factor in protecting your website. Using them correctly can improve security, build trust with users, and enhance your website's ranking on search engines.